Saturday, 25 April 2015
Meanwhile, here is the history of this very fine regiment from Kronoskaf.
The regiment was formed in 1689 as Lord Herbert's Regiment by Henry, Lord Herbert of Chirbury. Although designated as the Welsh Regiment of Fusiliers in 1702, it has always contained men from all over Britain.
In 1694 under Colonel Ingoldsby, the regiment was moved to Flanders. There it won its first battle honour at the siege of Namur in 1695 where the regiment suffered casualties of 92 dead and 123 wounded. The regiment's part in the siege remains unclear but the casualty figures suggest that it lead the assault.
The regiment was selected, during the War of the Spanish Succession, together with an English and Scottish regiment, to become "Fusiliers" for the purpose of guarding the artillery train. The fusiliers all wore mitre caps; originally, these mitre caps were ordered to be lower than those of the grenadiers but this distinction was soon lost.
The second battle honour was won at Blenheim. There, as part of the five brigades leading the attack under the command of brigadier Rowe, the Welsh and Scots Fusiliers were ordered not to fire a shot until Rowe had struck the palisade with his sword. Their attack was repulsed but they reformed, attacked again and with help from a cavalry attack on the centre won the day. The Welsh Fusiliers lost 9 officers and 120 other ranks.
The first reference to the regiment as "Royal" occurs in 1712 and the following year, the cumbersome title of "Prince of Wales's Own Royal Regiment of Welsh Fusiliers" was granted by George I in recognition of the bravery and loyalty of the regiment. At this time it was granted the privilege of wearing the Prince of Wales's Feathers and the Badge of the Rising Sun on the Regimental Colors.
When the War of the Austrian Succession erupted, the regiment again went to Europe. At the battle of Dettingen on June 27, 1743 the regiment participated with honor defeating three French regiments including the famous regiment of Navarre. In commemoration, the regiment was allow to include the badge of the White Horse of Hanover to their colors.
Under the command of the duke of Cumberland, the regiment was very badly mauled at the battle of Fontenoy in 1745 when it attacked a very strongly fortified position. Although twice successful in breaking the French line, the position was untenable and with losses of 323 men, the regiment was forced back. Later in 1747 at Lauffeldt, the duke of Cumberland again was defeated. This time, the regiment was run down by its own cavalry and subsequently attacked by French infantry resulting in 240 men being lost, most of whom were prisoners.
On July 1 1751, the regiment officially became the "23rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Welsh Fusiliers)" while garrisoned in Scotland. 1754 found the Royal Welsh bound for duty in Minorca.
September 20 1756, saw the addition of a second battalion but two years later, in 1758, this battalion was made a distinct regiment as the 68th Regiment of Foot.
In 1756, at the outbreak of the Seven Years War, the 23rd Foot was one of four British regiments that unsuccessfully defended Minorca against forces commanded by the duc de Richelieu. After the capitulation of Fort St. Philip on June 28 1756, the regiment was allowed to retire to Gibraltar. The regiment then returned to Great Britain where, on September 20, it received a second battalion.
In May 1758, the regiment was sent to the Isle of Wight and then, from June to July, took part to a fruitless expedition against the French Coast, returning to the Isle of Wight after the expedition. While encamped on the island, the regiment was ordered to embark for Germany. It was among the first British contingent (6,000 men) sent to reinforce the Allied army of Ferdinand of Brunswick in Germany. The contingent embarked at Gravesend on July 19 and disembarked on August 3 at Emden. It then left for Coesfeld where it arrived on August 17 after marching through a very heavy rain.
In June 1759, the regiment was part of the main Allied army under the command of the duke Ferdinand of Brunswick. The grenadiers of the regiment were converged with those of the 12th Foot, 20th Foot, 25th Foot and 51st Foot to form Maxwell's Grenadiers Battalion. On August 1, the regiment took part in the battle of Minden where it was deployed in the first line of the 3rd column under major-general Waldegrave alongside the 12th Napier's Foot and the 37th Stuart's Foot. Misinterpreting orders, Waldegrave advanced straight upon the cavalry deployed on the left of the French centre, supported on its way by the fire of Philip's Artillery battery. The first line of French cavalry (11 sqns) charged Waldegrave's first line but was thrown back. The second line of French cavalry was equally repulsed though with more difficulty. Now the French reserve, consisting of the Gendarmerie de France and the Carabiniers, attempted a third attack upon the 9 brave battalions. It charged and broke through the first line of Allied infantry. However, the second line received them with a deadly fire and forced them to retire. The astonishing attack of the British infantry had virtually gained the day.
On October 16 1760, the regiment fought in the battle of Clostercamp where it formed part of the 4th division under Howard which was kept in reserve.
In July 16 1761, the regiment was in Howard's Corps and took part in the battle of Vellinghausen.
On June 24 1762, the regiment took part in the battle of Wilhelmstal. The unit later participated in the American War of Independence and was sent out to the American Colonies in 1773. When the rebellion erupted in Boston, the unit took part in the battles of Lexington and Concord. As the War progressed, the 23rd Foot took part in many of the major battles. These battles included Bunker (Breed's) Hill, Germantown and Camden before the unit surrendered at Yorktown in 1781, but not before the Colours had been smuggled out and only the cased flagpoles surrendered. Their heroism at Yorktown was so admired by the opposing forces, and the fact that so few men had held out for so long, that the Fusilier Redoubt that they held along with a detachment of Royal Marines still stands as a memorial to them.
So I have sliced back. After all, I have to paint both sides to this conflict! So the new project is to do a French Division of 12 battalions, a few batteries and I'll throw in some cavalry. I'm keeping it simple. No flamboyant Zouaves or Turcos......well not yet anyway. Then when that French Division is done, I'll do a Prussian one which will be much stronger to reflect historical reality. A few battles (hey, what are those? I've had one battle in the last 10 years) and then we will see. This period is a time filler so don't expect anything on a regular basis. But I do like the look of them..........
The regiment was raised as the "Scots Regiment of Foot Guards" at the restoration of the British monarchy in January 1661. It was initially stationed at Edinburgh and Dunbarton.
In 1685, the regiment was transferred to England to repress Monmouth's rebellion. In 1686, it was incorporated into the English Army and increased to 2 battalions. It took garrison in London.
In 1688, the regiment was renamed "Scots Guards". In 1712, the regiment was renamed "3rd Regiment of Foot Guards".
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:John Leslie, Earl of Rothes.
In May 1758, the 1st battalion was sent to the Isle of Wight in preparation for a raid on the French Coasts. It then embarked on the fleet and took part to the expedition from June 1 to July 1. It also participated in a second expedition on the French Coast from August to September of the same year. On August 7, this battalion landed in the Bay of Saint-Marais near Cherbourg and gained possession of the rising ground in front of its position. On September 11, after the failed attempt against Saint-Malo, it suffered heavy losses during the re-embarkment at Saint-Cast.
As of May 30 1759, the regiment was stationed in England and counted 2 battalions for a total of 1,260 men.
In the Summer of 1760, the 2nd Battalion was sent to Germany to reinforce the Allied Army of Ferdinand of Brunswick. On August 25, it arrived at Ferdinand's headquarters near Bühne. It was immediately integrated into Ferdinand's Reserve deployed along the Diemel. In 1761, the 2nd Battalion was part of Conway's Corps in Germany. On July 16, it took part in the Battle of Vellinghausen. In 1762, the 2nd Battalion was part of Granby's Corps in Germany. On June 24, it took part in the Battle of Wilhelmsthal. The corps fought stubbornly against the flower of the French infantry until Ferdinand managed to turn the rear of the French position with additional troops. A French corps was nearly annihilated. On September 21, the battalion took part in the Combat of Amöneburg. Late in the afternoon, the British Corps came to the relief of the Hanoverians guarding the bridge and repulsed several French attacks, saving the day for the Allies. The battalion suffered more heavily than any other unit engaged.
The regiment was raised by Colonel George Monck in Northumberland on August 13 1650 from 5 companies of Fenwick's Regiment and five companies of Hesilbridge's Regiment. A few weeks later, on September 3 1650, the regiment fought at the Battle of Dunbar.
In 1659, Monck, who was commander-in-chief in Scotland, established his headquarters at Coldstream on the Tweed. From then on, the unit was almost always designated as the "Coldstream Regiment".
In January 1660, the regiment was part of General Monck's force which marched on London where it finally arrived on February 3. After the restoration of the monarchy on May 1 and the accession of Monck to the title of Duke of Albemarle, the regiment was renamed the "Duke of Albemarle's Regiment of Foot". In 1661, it was incorporated into the English Army and became the bodyguard of King Charles II.
In 1670, the regiment was renamed the "Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards".
In 1685, the regiment saw active service during the Monmouth Rebellion and, on July 6, fought at the Battle of Sedgemoor. The regiment then took part in the war in Flanders, fighting in the battles of Walcourt (August 25 1689) and Landen (July 29 1693) and being present at the siege of Namur (1695).
In 1711, the regiment was increased to 2 battalions.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment served in Flanders and took part in the battles of Dettingen (June 27 1743) and Fontenoy (May 11 1745).
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded (from April 8 1755 to July 15 1773)by James O'Hara, 2nd Lord Tyrawley
I have already shown you two Highland battalions, and here is the beginning of the British Guards. I was holding off picturing these as they are awaiting finials for the flags (these come from Front Rank in the UK)
but the backlog is now causing logistical problems (!!) so I'm going ahead with these posts. The figures are from Crusader and here is the link
In the Summer of 1760, the 2nd Battalion of the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards was sent to Germany to reinforce the Allied army of Ferdinand of Brunswick. On August 25, it arrived at Ferdinand's headquarters near Bühne in Germany. It was immediately integrated into Ferdinand's Reserve deployed along the Diemel and for the rest of the war was involved in every large engagement.
I have chosen the Lieutenant Colonel's colour (all scarlet) as the Leibstandarte.
Sunday, 19 April 2015
I'm still not sure whether I will do this in 15mm. Do I have the stamina?