This was a 4 battalion regiment, formed in 1558 as Garde du Roi de Navarre, with an admirable service history which is available on Kronoskaf.
Wednesday, 9 October 2019
Sunday, 29 September 2019
Kronoskaf has a strange comment concerning this regiment: “In 1757, the regiment was considered as cheerful, noisy but otherwise well behaved.” I am not sure what this means – does it mean that it was reliable in battle or that it was somewhat rowdy? It certainly had a rough time at Rossbach despite it's colourful flags.
Thursday, 5 September 2019
In my previous post I said I was going to be painting an unusual Austrian Regiment and here it is.
This is taken from Kronoskaf: “For the moment we have very few information on the uniform in 1756, at the outbreak of the war. Most of our references describe the uniform in 1762. However, Muhsfeldt and Schirmer mention that, in 1756-57, the coat was white lined red (therefore red turn-backs), the distinctive colour was red and the waistcoat and breeches were blue.N.B.: in his work, Gustav Ritter Hubka, mentions that, from 1714 till 1767, the uniform of this regiment had ponceau red lapels and cuffs, and yellow buttons. Furthermore, from 1757 to 1767, he mentions a blue waistcoat and blue turn-backs with white breeches. Even though, this description seems very surprising, it must be pointed out that Hubka has been Oberlieutenant and Regiments-Adjutant in this regiment, so he might have had access to privileged sources.”
I am going with the colour scheme of Gustav Ritter Hubka so white coat, blue waistcoat and turnbacks. White trousers. Red cuffs and lapels.
As for the flags, they were probably not used by this regiment which spent most of the WAS in Italy and was not present at Hohenfriedberg. But I think the red-white stripes perfectly match this regiment. One of the problems of painting the Austrians for the WAS is not the number of strange and unusual designs (which I rather like actually) but rather attributing them with any certainty to any particular regiment.
The second battalion and grenadiers will follow later this year. Figures are from Sash & Sabre.
This regiment had hard fights at both Minden and Warburg. At the latter, where it was initially kept in reserve behind the centre, it vainly tried to rescue the Bourbonnais regiment, losing about 800 men. Out of the 49 officers present, 33 were killed or wounded.
Saturday, 31 August 2019
I have reworked the basing, given this regiment new flags and painted up the two grenadier companies. So 6 regiments (12 battalions) are finished.
I am currently painting IR22 Roth, the only Austrian regiment with two-colour facings.
Thursday, 29 August 2019
Monday, 26 August 2019
I am reworking these regiments and adding two grenadier companies which will be converged (in three pairs of two) to make grenadier battalions.
The other thing that I have done is to enable the use of the Austrian army in both the WAS and SYW. In the former the infantry formed in 4 ranks so I want to show a distinction. For the SYW (three ranks) the five bases of 4 are simply placed side-by-side (bottom 2 pictures). For the WAS (4 ranks) one base (which is split into two) is placed behind the end bases – shown in top 3 pictures. This reduces the frontage and shows an increase in depth for the extra rank. Six hundred men in 4 ranks will have a frontage of about 150 men whereas 600 men in 3 ranks has a frontage of about 200. After Kolin the Austrians were in 3 ranks.
I only have two regiments of Hungarians in my army so to be able to field a converged battalion of grenadiers I will need to add two companies of grenadiers from another regiment not present in my army. The Austrian method of converging grenadiers was quite different from the Prussian method. The Prussians system was grenadiers from two regiments (so 4 companies) in a permanent grouping that would only change if numbers fell too low through desertion or casualties. The Austrians, on the other hand, only tended to converge on the battlefield, or just prior to it, to create an elite for a short period of combat. Thereafter they returned to their parent battalions to wait the next emergency or battle. Sometimes they were not converged at all, for example at the battles of Lobositz and Prague. When they are not specified in an OOB then you can assume that grenadiers remained with their parent regiments. Mollwitz is another example – no grenadiers are mentioned so it is reasonable to assume they were within the battalions.